Dynamics GP – Odd issue using a DNS Alias for the SQL Server resulting in the error – No Obligations found on VAT Return

A colleague and I worked on a very interesting support ticket today. A client reported that when logging into Dynamics GP using their own Dynamics GP User ID they received the error “No Obligations Found” when retrieving the obligations for the VAT Return however it worked fine when logged in as “sa”.

**Please note there has been a service pack to correct this exact issue however this has been applied to the clients system so it can’t be causing this issue**.

As this worked with “sa” we checked the SQL Error log and surprisingly we found the following messages recorded at the time the routine had been ran:

As you can see the error log is scattered with “Login failed for user” messages for the user in the question.

The next part of the investigation was to setup a SQL Profile Trace to see what SQL statements were running just prior to the login failed message and we found the following:

As you can see the SQL statement “select SERVERPROPERTY(‘ServerName’)” runs just prior to the login failed errors.

My colleague then recalled they are using a DNS Alias for the SQL server name in the ODBC connection rather than the actual SQL server name.

We therefore ran “select SERVERPROPERTY(‘ServerName’)” on the server and, as expected, this returns the actual SQL server name rather than the alias name that is used in the server name in the ODBC connection on the clients PC.

Intrigued that the issue could somehow be related to how GP encrypts passwords using the SQL server name we setup the following test:

  1. Created an additional ODBC connection on the clients PC pointing to the actual SQL server name rather than DNS Alias name.
  2. Logged into Dynamics GP as “sa” using this new ODBC and created a new GP user, copying the security of the existing user. (so the password gets encrypted using the actual SQL server name)
  3. Finally, we logged into GP using the new ODBC and the new GP user.

After successfully logging in using the new user, and the ODBC pointing at the actual SQL server name, we walked through retrieving the obligations and the whole process worked. We also checked the SQL error log and there were no “Login Failed” error messages for the user.

I have to admit at this point I’m guessing as to what is going on however based on the results of this isolated test I can only assume that somehow during this process the users Dynamics GP credentials are being re-submitted to SQL using the actual SQL server name, and as the users password is encrypted with the SQL server DNS Alias name, its failing with “Login failed”. This works when logged in as “sa” because this is the only User ID that doesn’t have its password encrypted by GP. (its not encrypted because its the SQL System Administrator account)

Therefore although using a DNS alias can help with server changes (ironically because of how GP encrypts the password), this has got us thinking that using a DNS Alias for the SQL server could be causing other issues with GP that we don’t know about, so we may avoid this in the future if we can.

After discovering this little oddity I’d be interested if anyone else has any other experience of issues when using a DNS Alias for the SQL server.

Disclaimer :- I’d usually attempt to recreate this type of issue on my own system before documenting and sharing however I can’t in this instance as I don’t have an account with HMRC to complete the full process. However given how interesting this does seem I thought it worthwhile sharing anyway.

Thanks for reading.

Dynamics GP – Error Message Invalid length parameter passed to LEFT or SUBSTRING function in Edit Payables Check Window

I encountered this error when a client was trying to select a vendor in the “Edit Payables Cheque Batch” window. A screen shot of the error is below

The error occurred when trying to select a vendor from the list in the left hand pane of the window.

To troubleshoot this I created a SQL trace to capture all the SQL statements and also any error messages when the error occurred. This highlighted the exact error and offending SQL statement as per below:

Next I copied the offending SQL statement to SQL management studio and ran it in a query window. (I do have to tweak it a little and I also checked it wasn’t going to do any updates or inserts that could cause data issues). This gave me the same error being returned by Dynamics GP

Now it was a question of finding all the LEFT or SUBSTRING statements, commenting them out, and re-running the query until it worked. After some trial and error I found when commenting out the highlighted portion of the SQL statement below it executed without error

Therefore I now know the issue is with the A.KEYSOURC field. At this point I suspected it was blank and therefore the LEN calculation is producing a 0. The alias A has been given to the PM20100 table so I queried this table for the vendor in question and as suspected there is a blank KEYSOURC for this vendor.

I therefore deleted this blank record using a simple SQL script

DELETE PM20100 WHERE VENDORID='<InsertVendorid>' AND KEYSOURC=''

And now I can successfully select the vendor in the “Edit Payables Cheque Batch” window.

I hope this helps explain the issue and also how it can be fixed if anyone else encounters this in the future.

Thanks for reading!

Dynamics GP – Error Message PERIOD_KEY_INVALID when submitting VAT Return to HMRC

I had a client report this issue recently which was preventing them submitting the VAT return to HMRC via the government gateway. The exact error is below

After some digging it seems the period key is passed down from HMRC when the obligations are retrieved therefore its strange that the error is produced when submitting the VAT return as it should be using the same period key.

I looked at the TX00300 table (VAT Return Header) and I can see the PeriodKey was blank for the VAT Return ID in question

I then checked a clients system who I know has managed to process their VAT return successfully and this showed a PeriodKey in the TX00300 as per below

Therefore I can only assume that after pulling down the obligations either the PeriodKey wasn’t written to the TX00300 table correctly or the client accidentally changed a date in the VAT Return window which blanked the PeriodKey. Then, when they then tried to submit the VAT return they received the “PERIOD_KEY_INVALID” error.

To resolve the issue I had the client delete and recreate the VAT return ensuring no dates were altered after selecting the obligation and this then worked fine. (I did want to work through the whole process with them so I could check the PeriodKey in the TX00300 at every stage however unfortunately they processed everything before I had chance i.e. I wanted to check the PeriodKey value after getting the obligations, and then check it again after calculating and then prior to submitting)

In was a simple fix in the end but it was interesting piecing things together.

Thanks for reading.